Urbanization

Smart Cities – Framework for a digital India

The concept of a smart city emerged in Europe in the early 19th century. However, the connotation of a smart city means something quite different in the Indian perspective. The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Government of India, released guidelines to make our cities city smarter a short while ago (MoUD, 2015). According to these guidelines, a smart city ensures a better urban experience for its residents through integration of urban planning systems, efficient service delivery, smart governance, energy management and conservation of resources through information and communication technologies (ICTs), and a digital information repository that enables attainment of various socio-economic and development goals. This involves the use of an efficient geographical information system (GIS) to map, model, query, and analyse large volumes of data within a single database at a given location. While helping to maintain accurate locational data of regulated facilities, an efficient GIS encompasses a land information system, with smart buildings, smart water supplies, smart energy grid and smart mobility, an environmental information system, resource information system, network information system, picture processing information system, design information system, spatial data processing system, spatial information system, multi-purpose cadaster and AM/FM- automated mapping and facilities management. It also ensures an intelligent computing infrastructure with cutting-edge cyber-physical systems and innovation support. Concept of smart city A smart city, in short, uses ICTs to make the best...

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