By R M Bhardwaj
The author is a Senior Scientist in the Central Pollution Control Board. firstname.lastname@example.org
The growing urban population and the developmental activities in rural India, both exert pressure on water supply and sewage systems. The existing infrastructure is incapable of meeting the ever-increasing demands for domestic as well as industrial water. The author argues that a judicial use of appropriate technologies is the answer to overcome the problems.
India is faced with two problems - lack of infrastructure and an increasing share of urban population. The urban population in India has grown from 285 million in 2001 to 377 million in 2011 – about 31 per cent - while the number of urban centres has increased from 5161 to 7935 during the same period (Census 2001, 2011). Even though the level of urbanisation is relatively low, in terms of absolute numbers India has the second largest urban population...