Hornbills are spectacular birds with long beaks, brightly coloured skin around the eyes and flashy loose pouch at the neck that help carry fruits. They get their name from the horn like structure on the top of their beak –the casque. In India, hornbills are found mainly in the Western Ghats and the north-eastern states. GnY learnt after speaking with Naniwadekar, a scientist at Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) that hornbills face different threats across India depending upon the culture, governance and densities of human population. Hunting and logging are probably the most relevant threats in north-east India where law enforcement is poor and hornbill conservation is faced with adverse cultural practices. Certain hornbill populations in India such as the Great Hornbill, Rufous-necked Hornbill and Narcodam Hornbill are on the verge of extinction due to human induced habitat loss and continued hunting.