By Kunal Keshri
Acknowledgment: The author would like to thank Prof R B Bhagat, Head, Department of Migration and Urban Studies, at International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, for his encouragement and Rakesh Kumar, Research Scholar, IIPS, Mumbai, for his technical assistance in preparing the GIS map.
The author is Assistant Professor, G. B. Pant Social Science Institute, University of Allahabad, Jhusi, Allahabad. email@example.com
Temporary labour migration is a survival strategy of the rural poor in India—more prevalent in the country’s northern and eastern states. However, intra state differences exist with pockets of poverty even within prosperous states, from where socially and economically disadvantaged groups migrate. The phenomenon calls for effective social protection programmes to augment the inadequate livelihood opportunities and negligible access to health care for temporary labour migrants.
Being a spatial phenomenon, the major contribution in migration research has been made by geographers rather than by demographers. Most of internal migrations are labour centric with a significant proportion migrating on a temporary basis. Research suggests that temporary labour migration plays an important role in household survival and is used as an income diversification and risk-coping strategy in agrarian economies such as India. Prevailing uneven regional development impels temporary intra and inter-state mobility of labour in various parts in...