Energy is indispensable and its demand is growing manifold each day. With fossil fuels being finite in nature, alternative energy sources need to be explored. Natural gas hydrate offers a promising source due to its vast occurrence across the world.
Transport fuels are one of the major contributors to green house gas emissions. Despite several alternatives, transportation is still dependant on fossil fuel sources such as petroleum. Biofuels, by partially replacing petroleum, can bring down emissions.
How petroleum prices are regulated in India depends upon an understanding of how the oil industry works. End-users often correlate crude oil price vis-à-vis price of petrol and wonder at the discrepancies ignoring the intermediate stages between the two.
Mining activities are responsible for adverse changes in land use pattern. Ecorestoration is, therefore, essential for bringing back the original characteristics of the land.
There are different types of mining depending upon the techniques employed in the extraction of minerals. Each type has a bearing on varying environmental concerns related to biodiversity, air, water and land.
Nearness to coal deposits has been advantageous to the industrial locations that have to transport the bulkier raw material to production sites. Such locational advantages are, however, losing their tenacity in the present times.
Energy is a critical input for economic development. Almost one third of India’s population do not have access to electricity and a majority of population is still dependent on biomass for their cooking needs.
Coal has been the main source of energy in India and through increased coal production, coal is still fulfilling the energy demands of the country. The quality of coal has always remained a matter of concern—presently being improved through regulatory mechanisms and technological initiatives.
World over, the move is towards renewable energy. However, India is registering steady rise in the consumption of coal.
The impact of providing energy access to basic needs such as food, infrastructure and overall development is a no-brainer, but can this interrelationship be institutionalised to measure the multiplier effect of energy access on the needs of societies?