By Meloth Thamban and Rasik Ravindra
The authors are Scientist E and Director, respectively at the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Goa. email@example.com
Scrutiny of instrumental data from Antarctic reveals that the Continent has undergone significant changes in the recent decades, with an increase in atmospheric temperature in most parts. The largest annual warming trends are found in the West Antarctic and Antarctic Peninsula in particular. In contrast, the East Antarctic has experienced little warming. However, recent studies reveal that the warming had affected many sites in the coastal East Antarctic. Importantly, the complexity of Antarctic climate is still poorly understood because of the limited periods of observational data.
Annual scientific research expeditions to the Antarctic by the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research (NCAOR), Goa, utilises its singular environment as a great natural laboratory for scientific investigations that assists the understanding of global environment change. India established its first station in Antarctic at Dakshin Gangotri in 1983, followed by the second permanent station at Maitri in 1989. A third station Bharati is being established at the Larsemann Hills area of East Antarctic. The present study investigates...