Magazine Articles | Weather n Climate |

Warming Temperatures and Arctic’s Dwindling Sea Ice

The dramatic changes in the Arctic environment over the past couple of decades, caused by rising surface temperatures, loss of sea ice and diminishing habitat for its wild life have forced policy makers to find science-based answers to the problem. The surface air temperatures over the Arctic have been rising twice as fast as the global average (Fig. 1). The Arctic amplification- as it has been termed- is resulting in a perceptible shift of this region to a new environment which is warmer, wetter and more variable than ever before (www.amap.no/swipa). The Second assessment report of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme’s Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) provides findings related to the observed changes in the Arctic during 2010 to early 2017 (SWIPA, 2017). Some of the significant observations of this assessment are: Arctic Ocean could be largely free of sea ice in summer as early...

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