Almost 30 per cent of India’s population still do not have access to electricity. The International Energy Agency estimates that globally about 30 per cent of primary energy and 41 per cent of electricity generation is coal based. Coal thus seems likely to remain a key source of energy and could address gaps in renewable energy sources. With 308 billion tonnes of estimated coal resources, coal becomes a vital resource for energy security as compared to the lesser capabilities of other energy sources. As of 2016-17, 1160 Twh of energy generated in India included 82 Twh from renewable. Despite the goals of the Paris Agreement, in order to provide universal access to electricity, coal shall continue to play a critical role in the future despite a push towards renewables.