The Union Government’s budget speech of 2018-19 announced two major initiatives,
the National Health Protection Scheme and the establishment of Health and
Wellness Centres. Central and state governments have always put health at the
forefront of planning, but public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP has
remained low. Low expenditure, skewed distribution of coverage across states, lack
of facilities in government hospitals are among other problems that prevail in the
public health sector.