India’s Action to Protect the Ozone Layer




The gradual thinning of earth’s ozone layer in the upper atmosphere caused by the release of chemical compounds from human activities and adverse impact of UV rays on various components of the environment was confirmed by scientists during 1974. The first international action was initiated in March 1977 and experts from 32 countries met in Washington DC to adopt the ‘World Plan of Action on the Ozone Layer’. ‘Assessment of Ozone Depletion and its Impact’ published in 1978 initiated, inter alia, precautionary measures including reduction in release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in future years from the base year 1975. Subsequently, based on strong evidences and with the support of global leaders in the Conference of the Plenipotentiaries—the Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer in March 1985 was adopted. Known thereafter as the Vienna Convention the framework comprised 21 Articles and 2 Annexes, which were broadly based on the precautionary approach and the principle of common but differentiated responsibility. Subsequently, on September 16, 1987, the Conference of the Plenipotentiaries in Montreal, Canada, in the presence of the representatives of 55 countries and 6 observer nations that included India, adopted the final Act of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the
Ozone Layer.


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