"Ardent promoters of organic farming consider that present day organic agriculture, which is a mix of traditional wisdom and modern science, can herald the complete development of rural areas, especially in developing countries like India where the large chunk of farmers are small, with minimal resources and limited access to water. As per the International Federation for Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) â€œOrganic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people; combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involvedâ€. Organic agriculture is thus based on four principles: Principle of health: It should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible. Principle of ecology: It should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them. Principle of fairness: It should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities. Principle of care: It should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and fu
During the last two decades, there has been a paradigm shift in global communities towards environmental preservation and quality food. Growing concerns due to depleting resources, and deterioration of soil health and fertility has forced scientists and planners to look for alternatives. Organic agriculture emerges as one such alternative.
The author is Former Director, National Centre of Organic Farming, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt. of India. firstname.lastname@example.org