Land Acquisition and Urbanisation


Vol NO: VOL. 15, ISSUE 88,

"Land is a vital component in the economic process and an important asset. Everyone needs some land to live and work on. Its ownership pattern and its use largely determine the structure of the economy and shape economic processes. In the process of urbanisation, the land hitherto used for agricultural and allied purposes, is put to non-agricultural uses such as housing, commercial infrastructure, public utilities and the like. When rural land is converted into urban land, it commands far greater market value. Who is entitled to this increase in market value of the rural land? Is it the individual who owns the land, the person who buys it, the middleman or the society at large, which is collectively causing the process of urbanisation. Urban planners, researchers and policy makers have different takes on the issue and there is no consensus as yet. Urban Land Development in Delhi: A Different Model Delhi went in for large-scale acquisition of land ‘to check the haphazard growth of Delhi’ (following the unprecedented influx of refugees after partition in 1947). Thereafter, a ‘Master Plan’ was put in place, for which the Delhi Development (Provisional) Authority was created in 1955. Accordingly,

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    Vijai Singh

    Lessons learnt from large scale acquisition of land for planned development of Delhi under the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 have gone on to frame the new Land Acquisition Act of 2013. Yet, some major concerns remain unaddressed to this day.

    "The author is a former IAS officer and former Special Secretary (UD), Govt. of NCT of Delhi. He worked as a Land Acquisition Collector in 1985-86."

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