"Across the globe, countries are trying to make their cities smart by using a mix of existing and new technologies to achieve diverse objectives more efficiently. Some cities are being designed to be smart right at the outset, so that they can provide citizens cost effective services and be environment friendly, economically vibrant and attractive. These cities have social infrastructure, information systems and equipment compatible to receive, process and act upon a huge amount of real time data. In this respect, a smart city can also be defined as comprising a network of complex IT and electronic systems. The main objective of a smart city is to achieve the so called triple bottom line catering to people, profit and planet. Thus a smart city must meet the following criteria:
Efficient delivery of basic services such as energy, health care, water, education, waste disposal and communications;
Providing opportunities for economic growth of the city;
Ensuring safety and security for its residents;
Creating sustainable, intelligent and multimodal transport systems;
Creating sustainable social and residential infrastructure;
Nurturing creative and cultural space.
Meeting all these objectives at one go may not be possibl
The concept of smart cities is gaining ground with the governmentâ€™s resolve to set up 100 new smart cities all over the country. To be smart, each such city should be able to deliver basic and infrastructure services quickly and efficiently, while providing safety and security to its residents.
The authors are Research Officer and Project Research Officer, respectively, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai. firstname.lastname@example.org