"Land and its control are of fundamental importance in sustaining livelihoods in rural India. The relationship between land ownership and poverty has been well established in the past (January, 2001). There are at least four major ways in which owning land has a more direct bearing on rural livelihoods than in urban areas:
land quality is of crucial significance to agricultural production, while it is of no or little consequence to production in secondary and tertiary sectors that urban India specialises in;
land ownership is intrinsically linked to the social status and local identity of an individual in rural India;
it is a resource that is frequently mortgaged out in times of distress to avail credit in rural India;
agricultural land is an indestructible resource that is passed on through generations; hence its perceived value is typically much more than its market price.
Agricultural livelihood dependent on land range from working on it as a labourer, as a tenant farmer, as an unpaid family worker on family-owned land, without or with some involvement in the process of decision making, and as an owner of the land with full managerial control. Womenâ€™s rights over agricultural land is poor across the
Alienation from land and distress-driven shift towards agricultural wage work leave women particularly vulnerable. Although amended inheritance laws have increased the probability of daughters inheriting fathersâ€™ land, womenâ€™s effective control over agricultural land, though relatively higher in the southern states, continues to remain abysmally low on an average in rural India
. "Author is Professor, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, JNU. firstname.lastname@example.org"