Debating the GM Crops Efficacy


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"Modern technology with its use of genetic engineering, whereby DNA molecules from different organisms (rDNA) can be combined, is emerging as a potential tool in agriculture. The plant's varieties that are being developed through this technique are popularly known as genetically engineered (GE), genetically modified (GM) or transgenic crops.  Although genetic modification of plants through conventional selection and breeding is an age old practice, the GM crops techniques are more precise and genes can be transferred to microorganisms and plants a process not possible earlier. Some prefer to use the term  transgenic technology instead of GM for the same reason. Given the newer processes of gene transfer, the products generated by GM techniques need to be scanned under the food and environmental safety codes. In India, the manufacture, import, use, research and delivery of GM organism and the products using the rDNA technology are regulated by the rules commonly known as the Rules 1989 of the Environment (protection) Act 1986 administered by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF& CC). The rules cover not only areas of research but also large-scale applications of GM organisms and resultant products. GM or transgenic tec

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    Staff Reporter

    There has been a debate around GM crops for over a decade. While some want their use, there are differential views asking for clarity on issues of safety.

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