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Disasters and Exclusion from Education

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"Natural disasters strike many parts of India, some are seasonal or chronic and also predictable, while few are sudden and unpredictable. Out of 28 states and 7 union territories in the country, 27 of them are disaster prone. Almost 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes; 12 per cent are prone to floods and river erosion; of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis; 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought and hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches (MHA, 2011). Few places have chronic drought issues such as deserts and areas facing seasonal dry spell almost every year. In summer, these places face extreme difficulty in terms of food and water shortage and also overall livelihoods. Disasters include floods, riverbank erosion, cyclones, tsunamis, landslides, cloud bursts, droughts and earthquakes. School children in vulnerable areas are affected in many ways, leading primarily to discontinuation of their schooling.

Disasters impacting schools

According to Census 2011 around 26 per cent population in India is still illiterate, with the percentage among females being higher at 34.54 per cent. A majority of these are school dropouts&acir




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    Saswati Paik

    Natural disasters in India are frequent and common. Around 85 per cent of the geographical area in India is vulnerable to natural disasters. Schools get affected every year in these areas. This article has made an attempt to explain how children in disaster prone areas lose access to schooling.

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