"India has little more than a million allopathic doctors for her 1.3 billion citizens. According to World Health Organisation (WHO), India has been improving its doctor-population ratio from 1:1900 in 2000 to 1:1319 in 2016 as against the ideal of 1:1000 people (WHO, 2017). Among the existing doctors, the urban to rural ratio is 3.8:1 making rural presence of doctors a serious concern (Rajya Sabha, 2018). Despite increase in overall density of physicians, shortage of doctors and specialists remains an important bottleneck in India public healthcare system. According to National Health Profile (NHP) 2017, only around 11 per cent of all allopathic doctors were in the government services (CBHI, 2017). This brings the government doctor-population ratio to 1:11097. This ratio is as good as 1:2203 in city-state like Delhi and as bad as 1:28391 in the predominantly rural Bihar. The situation of government healthcare, served through primary health centers (PHC) and community health centers (CHC) in rural areas is particularly poor.
Fewer doctors in government healthcare facilities
According to the NHP 2017, the proportion of vacant positions of doctors at PHCs was 24 per cent although only 8 per cent PHCs were without a doctor nationally. This is because existin
"Mayur TrivediAssistant Professor at public health foundation of India"
The Indian Health sector currently suffers from a skewed doctor to patient ratio. India must look beyond recruitment, focus on retention of public sector doctors and use methods of social science and management for enhanced delivery of public health services.
"Issue - Healthcare Perspectives Date - 1st May 2018"