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Warming Temperatures and Arctic Dwindling Sea Ice

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"The dramatic changes in the Arctic environment over the past couple of decades, caused by rising surface temperatures, loss of sea ice and diminishing habitat for its wild life have forced policy makers to find science-based answers to the problem. The surface air temperatures over the Arctic have been rising twice as fast as the global average (Fig. 1). The Arctic amplification- as it has been termed- is resulting in a perceptible shift of this region to a new environment which is warmer, wetter and more variable than ever before (www.amap.no/swipa). The Second assessment report of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) provides findings related to the observed changes in the Arctic during 2010 to early 2017 (SWIPA, 2017). Some of the significant observations of this assessment are:

Arctic Ocean could be largely free of sea ice in summer as early as the 2030s,

Recent data on additional melting processes affecting the Polar Regions seem to suggest that the low-end projections of global sea-level rise made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) are underestimated,

Changes in the Arctic may be affecting weather in mid-latitudes, even influencing the Southeast Asian m




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    Staff Reporter

    The Arctic amplification—as it has been termed, is resulting in a perceptible shift of this region to a new environment which is warmer, wetter and more variable than ever before.

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