"Science and politics are intricately intertwined more so in Polar Regions where science ensures access. The Antarctic Treaty has provided an excellent platform for resolving minor irritants even though some experts feel that the Treaty is lately hollowing (Hemmings, 2017). Even at the height of the cold war period when the the potential for the Cold War to extend into the coldest part of the globe (Chimu Adventures, 2016) was appearing to be real, the emergence of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 was a breather. The positive outcome of the in-depth negotiations put aside, albeit for a time, the controversial issue of territorial claims of some select nations. Arctic and Antarctic governance is founded on the principles of mutual trust and cooperation. Antarctica has a formal Treaty System (ATS) in place with 53 states party to the Treaty, 29 of which, including all 12 original signatories having consultative (voting) status. Arctic states, however, are sovereign and can enjoy jurisdiction over major parts of the Arctic Ocean by virtue of the provisions of UN Law of the Sea. The Arctic states are taking care of its pristine environment by adhering to Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) under the Arctic Council. There is a school of thought in the US, which advocat
We need to realise that climate change under the Anthropocene, the present era of human civilization, may have long ranging impacts on the two Polar regions and therefore make some essential policy changes accordingly.