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The Health Risks of Air Pollution

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"In 2016, exposure to ambient PM2.5 was the cause of 4.1 million deaths worldwide. The ill-effects of air pollution are mostly borne by low and middle-income countries that lack the means to combat or monitor the rising levels of air pollution. About 26 per cent (1.04 million) and 25 per cent (1.025 million) of global deaths occurred in China and India respectively, collectively bringing the toll in these countries to more than half (51 per cent) of the rest of the world. These two countries were followed by Russia, Pakistan and Bangladesh (HEI, 2018). In another report, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) revealed that over 30 per cent of premature deaths in India are caused by air pollution. Moreover, almost 33 per cent of children in Delhi were found to suffer from impaired lung function (CSE, 2017). Air pollution is known to lead to strokes and ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute lower respiratory infections and lung cancer.

Measuring air quality

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is responsible for measuring the air quality and helps the Central Government in framing appropriate policies. The CPCB provides real-time air quality data for multiple locations in the country along with manual and in some




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    Staff Reporter

    Rising levels of air pollution are posing a health hazard to people worldwide. In 2016, exposure to ambient PM2.5 caused 1.025 million deaths in India. While a number of policies to combat air pollution exists, improper implementation leaves us gasping for the most basic of human needs air.

    "Issue - Healthcare Perspectives Date - 1st May 2018"

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