Migration and Upward Mobility in the Labour Market: The Case of Kerala
ISSN NO: 2347884-5
Vol NO: 138th Issue
In this age of globalisation, there is a rapid movement of workers within (internal migration) and outside (international migration) countries to broaden and diversify their sources of livelihood and improve their well-being. It is estimated that more than 247 million people have migrated outside their country of birth in 2013 (Ratha 2016). This movement is largely due to disequilibria between and within sectors of the economy and between countries and regions (Hagen-Zanker 2008) and various push and pull factors. India tops the chart in terms of international migrants (17 million) followed by Mexico (13 million) (International Migration Report, 2017). Previous studies report that migration helps in reducing inequality, poverty, unemployment, preventing economic shocks and minimising financial constraints and hence ‘it is an unconventional path to development’ (DeWind and Holdway 2008).
Millions of people migrate, within and outside their country, to widen their livelihood prospects. The movement is central to the upliftment of living standards for migrants and their families. Using the Kerala Migration Survey (KMS), 2018, this study attempts to examine the relationship between migration and upward mobility.
The author is PhD Scholar, Economics Area, Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Indore. firstname.lastname@example.org. The article should be cited as Batra P. 2019, Migration and Upward Mobility in the Labour Market: The Case of Kerala, Geography and You, 19(27): 29-35