Disaster Risk Reduction through Humanitarian Supply Chain Development
ISSN NO: 2347884-5
Vol NO: 139-140, 2020
India is highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Almost all types of natural disasters ranging from earthquakes, landslides, floods, cyclones, tsunamis to avalanches keep occurring in different parts of the country. With rapid growth of industries, now man made disasters are also on the rise. Industrial accidents may involve risks of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear disasters.
In a disaster prone country like India, it is important to work with multi-pronged strategy to reduce the risk of disasters. Proper supply chain management for disasters, which is known as humanitarian supply chain (HSC) can play a vital role in disaster risk reduction. HSCs are different than most commercial supply chains. But many qualities of commercial supply chains can help HSCs to be more effective. Handling of uncertainty, optimisation of facility locations, planning of inventory, developing proper information network are some of the issues, which HSCs can learn from commercial supply chains. At the same time commercial supply chains can also learn abilities to handle high uncertainty from HSCs. A properly planned HSC where the private sector is also involved can help in improving the response to the disasters.
The author is an Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies, IIT Roorkee. email@example.com. The article should be cited as Agrawal R., 2020. Risk Reduction through Humanitarian Supply Chain Development, Geography and You, 20(1-2): 40-45