Ecosystem Based Approaches: Disaster Proofing India’s Urban Sprawls
ISSN NO: 2347884-5
Vol NO: 20, issue 1-2, No. 139-140, 2020
Asia is undergoing rapid urbanisation with 42 per cent of its total population living in urban areas by 2010, contributing to 80 per cent of the GDP (Dhyani et al. 2018; UN Habitat 2010/2011). Urban centres are also considered to be one of the mega drivers of biodiversity and ecosystem services loss as pointed out in The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) report on global assessment on biodiversity and ecosystem services released in 2019 in Paris. Globally, India constitutes 14 per cent of the total urban population dwelling in five megacities of the world with a population more than 10 million. By 2030 this is expected to rise to seven megacities (Kundu 2011).
India is undergoing rapid urban expansion. With increasing population, rapid development and infrastructure growth, urban sprawls are the new hotspots of disaster. The article focuses on the Tier II city of Nagpur, which is being developed as a Smart City. The urban areas of the city have been facing recent water/climate challenges and it is pertinent to explore the future of this city in the backdrop of increasing urban disasters.
The author is a Senior Scientist, CSIR National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur. email@example.com. The article should be cited as Dhyani S., 2020. Ecosystem Based Approaches: Disaster Proofing India’s Urban Sprawls, Geography and You, 20(1-2): 56-61