Disaster Risk Reduction through Sustainable Development Goals: Vulnerability and trafficking
ISSN NO: 2347884-5
Vol NO: 20, issue 1-2, No. 139-140, 2020
Disasters have adversely affected different people differently based on their culture, dress, level of social cohesiveness, gender and vulnerability. Although disasters do not make a distinction between individuals, research shows disasters exacerbate pre-existing vulnerabilities which are often ignored in disaster risk reduction policies. Millions get affected by disasters every year due to vulnerabilities such as disparities in income, lack of awareness, lack of education and gender inequalities associated with socio-economic and cultural traditions as well as limited access to information during the process of migration from origin to a newer destination. It is often found that women and children tend to be the worst hit when disaster strikes although they possess more potential to handle disasters and build community resilience. Women particularly are not only capable of taking care of themselves but can also help children among others in the community during the wake of a disaster. Yet, they tend to be systematically eliminated from the decision making bodies of the country.
Research shows disasters exacerbate pre-existing vulnerabilities, which are often ignored in the disaster risk reduction policies. It is observed that people who are already vulnerable get more exposed to disaster risk, suffering a higher rate of mortality, morbidity and significant damages to their livelihoods and property. Although disasters do not make a distinction in gender—women and children tend to be the worst hit. The major global policy instruments thus need to align to facilitate and encourage better communication, participation and create awareness thereby ushering in the sustainable development goals under the 2030 development agenda. The paper attempts to highlight how streamlining disaster preparedness plays an important role in reducing vulnerabilities within and across communities.
The author is a Professor and ICSSR Senior Fellow, Special Centre for Disaster Research, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. firstname.lastname@example.org. The article should be cited as Dutta M., 2020. Disaster Risk Reduction through Sustainable Development Goals: Vulnerability and Trafficking, Geography and You, 20(1-2): 66-72