Natural disasters strike countries, both developed and developing, causing enormous destruction and creating human sufferings and producing negative impacts on national economies. Due to diverse geo-climatic conditions prevalent in different parts, various types of disasters such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, volcanoes, etc. afflict vulnerable areas. India is considered one of the world's most disaster prone countries. India's built-infrastructure is unfortified to combat disasters such as earthquakes, floods, cloudbursts, hailstorms, lightning and even intentional disasters such as terrorism, bomb blasts, cyber attacks and fire. Unplanned infrastructure growth in the unorganised sector for the last two decades remains more or less unabated.
Disasters have been inflicting heavy damage in terms of deaths, injuries, destruction of our habitat and economic activity. While over the last two decades India has much to share about its successful response in terms of minimising life loss—infrastructure damage however, have remained very high. The economic impact of these extreme events are required to be evaluated, particularly in the light of growing urban and coastal establishments of the country. Citing case studies of vulnerable built up facilities, this article presents disaster resilient infrastructure issues in India.
The author is a Professor of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, J&K, India. firstname.lastname@example.org. The article should be cited as Ghosh C., 2020. Disaster Resilient Infrastructures in India, Geography and You, 20(1-2): 12-19