By Pradeep Vyas
Author is IFS, PCCF, Wildlife & Chief Wildlife Warden West Bengal, firstname.lastname@example.org
Human-animal conflict is often triggered by poverty and the need to access resources for survival. Such confrontation can be prevented by bringing in livelihood projects that help human population, and prevent them entering areas earmarked for wildlife.
The mangrove swamps are a composite system where every zone has a different role to play. Damage to any part of the system can result in irreversible coastal erosion.
The Sundarban Biosphere Reserve is located in the districts of North and South 24 Parganas of West Bengal and consists of three zones—core (1692 sq km), buffer (2233 sq km) and transition (5705 sq km). The core zone is represented by the Sundarban National Park and the buffer includes three wildlife sanctuaries at Sajnekhali (362 sq km), Lothian (38 sq km) and Haliday (6 sq km). The Sundarban is the world’s largest inter-tidal area spread over 26000 sq km formed...