The Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), was adopted in May, 2001 with the objective of protecting human health and the environment. It came into force on May 17, 2004. India signed the Convention on May 14, 2002 and ratified it on January 13, 2006. The Convention came into force on April 13, 2006 in India. India understands that to comply with the obligations on Parties set out in the Convention will have a significant and positive influence not only on India’s own chemicals management regime but also on the ultimate global success of the Convention to protect human health and the environment from the threat of POPs. Moreover, successful efforts for moving towards compliance will also serve as a model for other developing countries. The dirty dozen as it is popularly known comprises of 12 POPs – chemical substances such as DDT that persist in the environment, bio-accumulate through the food web and pose a risk of causing adverse effects to human health and the environment.
*Source: National Implementation Plan, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, March 2011.