GEOHERITAGE SITES Zawar: World’s Oldest Zinc Mining and Metallurgy Site

Zawar in Rajasthan is the world’s oldest mining and metallurgy site, dated to have existed around 750 BCE, marking ancient India’s acumen in the sector. Zinc and lead mined from the Aravalli rocks, extracted through a unique distillation process was shipped to Europe to bolster brass instrumentation for the industrial revolution. A geo-archaeological site of this importance thus mandates a holistic conservation.

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