Forests

Protecting Forest Dwellers as an Essential Part of Indian Forests

In February 2002, the Supreme Court of India passed an order prohibiting state governments and also tribals and other traditional forest dwellers from removing dead, dying trees and grasses and trees felled by winds. This was followed by a handbook being distributed by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change  (MoEF&CC) prohibiting tribals and other forest dwellers from utilizing forest produce for their livelihood needs. In 2004, a Central Empowered Committee (CEC) was appointed...

Forests

Canopy Layers in Abundant Arboreal Forest Habitats

Forests are habitats where trees are usually the main form of vegetation, and can occur in many regions and climates. Forests can occur as tropical rainforests, temperate forests, boreal forests, and so on, and can form vertical layers of vegetation, an example of which is canopy layers, commonly known as forest canopies. https://www.geographyandyou.com/climate-change/forests/forest-day/ Vertical Forest Layers The species composition of a forest is unique to it, and while some forests can have...

Environment

The Albedo Effect and the Reflectance of Solar Heat

A measure of the reflectivity of a surface is called albedo, and when applied in Earth-sciences, albedo is a measure of the reflectivity of the Earth’s surface in relation to Sun’s energy. When some of the Sun’s energy is reflected back into space by surfaces on Earth, it has an overall cooling effect on the Earth (G.P. Wayne, 2016). This phenomenon is called the albedo effect. High albedo of a surface implies that the surface reflects a lot of light, and low albedo implies that it absorbs...

Water

What Divides Catchments Between Peninsular Rivers in India

In terms of geological divisions, peninsular rivers of India are generally distributed over of the Chotanagpur region, the Maharashtra region, the Chhattisgarh region, the Odisha Highland region, Dandakaranya, the Karnataka Plateau, the Andhra Plateau, the Tamil nadu Uplands and South Sahyadri, the West Coast region, and the East Coastal Plains. The numerous rivers of peninsular India that flow through peninsular India have certain areas that form the catchment of these rivers. Catchment areas...

Water

Top Ten Eastern flowing Rivers in India You Must Know About

The Abounding Indian Rivers  The landscape of India is plentiful in rivers, which have a massive impact on the lives of ordinary Indians. Rivers are a source of water, hydro-electricity, transportation and a source of income for an innumerable number of Indians. Most major cities of India located by the banks of rivers and many disputes within India occur over the sharing of waters of these rivers. East-flowing Indian rivers presented here flow to the eastern coast of India, through the eastern...

Environment

The Yamuna Biodiversity Park | Example of Wasteland Restoration

Backdrop of Wasteland Restoration Wastelands are degraded lands where the soil might have low productive capacity. Wastelands include areas that are affected by erosion, shifting cultivation, high salinity or alkalinity, riverine lands, or lands that are affected by water logging, or moisture deficiency. Such areas can be ecologically unstable, with displacement of top soil, and are thus also unsuitable for agricultural activity. However, such lands can be restored. There are several examples...

Policy

Right to Privacy a Fundamental Right | Supreme Court Rules

In a path breaking decision, the Supreme Court ruled on August 24, 2017 that privacy is a fundamental right under Article 21 of the Constitution of India. The verdict was delivered by a nine-Judge bench of the Supreme Court of India led by Chief Justice J.S. Khehar. The Court, providing new dimensions to the privacy debate, in its 547-page judgment overruled the M.P. Sharma verdict of 1958 and the Kharak Singh verdict of 1961 in which the verdict was dependent on the right to privacy not being...

Water

Understanding the Hadley Cell | The Single Cell Circulation

Heat is transferred from the equatorial to the polar regions by a system of wind circulation that is independent of the longitudes, called axisymmetric circulation (symmetrical to the Earth’s axis), and is commonly referred to as the Hadley Cell of single cell circulation. In the Hadley Cell, the warm air at the equatorial regions rises and moves towards the polar regions and then sinks at the higher latitudes due to the colder temperatures of these regions. This air then begins moving back...

Environment

Animal Attacks | Signifying a Larger Need for Habitat Conservation

The animal attacks trajectory An elephant on the loose has in the past few months trampled to death about 15 people in Jharkhand. Animal attacks such as these are not isolated incidents. As urbanization extends and encroaches upon animal habitats, such incidents are likely to become more and more common. In Uttar Pradesh’s Pilibhit Tiger reserve, deaths due to tiger attacks are fairly regular - with 3 deaths in the last few weeks. Since October last year, more than 16 people are estimated...

Environment

Fire in Greenland Has Perplexed Observers Worldwide

On July 31, 2017, satellites noticed a large column of smoke arising out of Greenland's permafrost areas, which after being imaged by an Operational Land Imager (OLI), gave data that identified the phenomenon as a fire over the course of the week (NASA, 2017). With data revealing that the source of the smoke could be coming from multiple sources, the fire in Greenland is among the biggest ones so far in recent history. The baffling part is that the fire in Greenland is happening in a place almost...