Climate Change # Desertification

Statistically understanding desertification in India, a disturbing truth

The terms desertification refers to degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. It does not imply loss of land to desert or through sand-dune movement. Land degradation occurs everywhere, but is known as desertification when it occurs in the dryland ecosystems, i.e. land areas where the mean annual precipitation is less than two thirds of potential evapotranspiration (PET = potential evaporation from...

Environment

Celebrating World Environment Day by connecting with nature and cleaning up our collective act.

Colour Coded Bins for India from June 5, 2017 World Environment Day (WED) is not a day just for celebration, it’s also the day you work out your connection to nature. “Connecting People to Nature” is the theme this year that is urging people to go into nature to appreciate it and to deliberate on how we are dependent on it. The day also challenges us to find meaningful ways to experience, and cherish this vital relationship, and protect the earth. June 5 is the day to engage millions of people...

Environment

Sustainable Tourism the theme for World Biodiversity Day 2017

The 22nd of May this year is the World Biodiversity Day – a United Nations mandated celebration. Every year bears a theme and this year the theme is Sustainable Tourism. The United Nations General Assembly has recognized 2017 as the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, and the theme is meant to coincide with this. The UN recognizes the impact of biodiversity on tourism, and consequently tourism’s impact on economies. Tourism, the UN says, provides a good argument for the political...

Environment

Coastal and Marine Ecosystems of India

The coastal and marine ecosystems of the world are composed of oceans and major seas which make up 70.8 per cent of the Earth and cover an area of 362 million sq km., and also span a coastline measuring 1.6 million km. Coastal and marine ecosystems are found in 123 countries around the world. The marine habitats include a wide range of ecosystems such as the shallow coral reef ecosystem, mesophotic reef ecosystem, soft sediment ocean floor ecosystem to coastal estuarine ecosystem, saline wetland...

Forests

India Biodiversity: Mangrove Ecosystem Services

Mangroves form dense and often mono-specific strands and are considered "foundation species" that control population and ecosystem dynamics. Currently declining at the rate of 1 per cent per year, mangrove forests are expected to completely disappear within 100 years if nothing is done to remedy it. The Mangrove Ecosystem of India Mangroves are uniquely adapted to tropical and subtropical coasts, and although relatively low in number of species, these forests provide numerous ecosystem services...

Policy

Climate change, politics of water and marginalized groups

Climate change means that while water management is politically contested, the most marginalized and remote people are those most affected by the vagaries

Climate Change # Desertification

Ecosystem: Plant and Animal Adaptations in Hot Deserts

Desert ecosystem, is usually believed to be barren, but this fragile ecosystem supports numerous amazing living creatures, known for their adaptability.

Climate Change # Environment

Key Environmental Challenges: Causes and Impact

The key environmental challenges that the country faces relate to the nexus of environmental degradation with poverty in its many dimensions, and economic growth. These challenges are intrinsically connected with the state of environmental resources, such as land, water, air and their flora and fauna.

Climate Change # Ecology

Congress Grass: Biological Invader of Non Cropped Areas

Congress grass scientifically known as Parthenium Hysterophorus, a native of West Indies and Tropical America, has established itself all over India

Climate Change # Water

India’s 14 principal aquifers mapped

The understanding and real-time mapping of ground water aquifers in extremely important in the present context as the resource is increasingly turning scarce.